Pollution Impact on Malaysia´s Economic Growth:Green Economic Growth Halimahton Borhan, Elsadig Musa Ahmed
The book describes the chemical analysis of airborne and roadside soil particles in the City of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Its emphasis is on the identification and quantification of trace organic pollutants present in such environmental samples using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS). The major compound groups analyzed include alkanes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and petroleum molecular markers. It is the spirit of this book to demonstrate the use of molecular markers as source identifiers by aiding in distinguishing biogenic versus petrogenic inputs to environmental samples. Comparing the organic pollutants content of the different environmental compartments (i.e., airborne particles and roadside soil particles) is as well illustrated to help understand the transport and fate of these pollutants in the environment. Typical fragmentograms of the characterized organic compounds are presented throughout the text.
Environmental Pollution Analysis:Characterization of solvent-extractable hydrocarbons from airborne particles and roadside soil particles of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Nasr Y. M. Omar
This book discusses regional and international climate-change, air- pollution and human-health scenarios. The research, from both industrialized and developing countries, focuses on region-specific perspectives of climate change impacts on air pollution. After analyzing the variations of climate data over recent decades, the authors consider the different effects of climate change on air pollution and health. As stressed by the IPCC, pollen, smoke and ozone levels are likely to increase in a warming world, affecting the health of residents of major cities. Rising temperatures will worsen air quality through a combination of more ozone in cities, bigger wild fires and worse pollen outbreaks, according to a major UN climate report. The report follows the World Health Organization in finding that air pollution is the worlds greatest environmental health risk, killing 7 million people in 2014 (compared to 0.4 million deaths due to malaria). Deteriorating air quality will most affect the elderly, children, people with chronic ill-health and expectant mothers. Another report suggests that more than 5.5 million people die prematurely each year due to air pollution with over half of those deaths occurring in China and India. A study on the air pollution in the USA,suggests that more than half of US population lives in areas with potentially dangerous air pollution, and about six out of 10 of the top cities for air pollution in the USA are located in the state of California. In the face of future climate change, scientists have urged stronger emission controls to avoid worsening air pollution and the associated exacerbation of health problems, especially in more populated regions of the world. It is hoped that the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement will help minimize air pollution. Additionally the authors consider the various measures that different countries and groups of countries, like the European Union, have adopted to mitigate the problems arising from climate change and to safeguard the health of population. The book examines the increasing incidence of diseases largely caused by climate change. The countries/regions covered in this study include the USA, Northern Europe (U.K).,Southern Europe ( Italy), Canada, Australia, East Asia, Russia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, South Africa, Mexico, Brazil, Caribbean countries, and Argentina.
This book provides electrical and electronic engineering undergraduate and graduate students and trainees with practical information on grounding-system parameters, and on different methods for measuring soil resistivity and ground resistance. It also presents some real-world studies, which enhance the learning experience. It discusses electromagnetic field theories to explain ground resistance modeling using different sizes of electrodes. Furthermore it includes CYME GRD software for simulation of soil resistivity and grounding grid design, and considers some fundamental concepts of power systems to clarify other topics related to the grounding system. Md. Abdus Salam obtained his PhD in Electrical Engineering, in 2000 from the University Teknologi Malaysia. Currently, he is working as a Faculty member in the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering at the Institut Teknologi Brunei (Our National Engineering and Technology University), Negara Brunei Darussalam. His research interests include power system modelling for on-line control, insulator pollution studies, grounding systems and renewable energy. He has published a large number of referred journal and conference papers. He is a senior member of IEEE, member of IET and working as a reviewer of IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Journal of Electrostatics, Elsevier Science etc. Quazi M. Rahman obtained his PhD degree from the University of Calgary, Canada in 2002. Currently, he is serving as a faculty member in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, at the University of Western Ontario, London, Canada. He is a licensed professional engineer in the province of Ontario, Canada and a senior member of the IEEE. He is a contributing author of a number of refereed journals and proceeding papers, and book chapters in the areas of wireless communications. His research interest includes Spread Spectrum and MIMO systems, OFDM systems; channel estimation and detection in the physical layer of wireless mobile, satellite communications and grounding systems. Also, he is involved in the study of software applications.
This book discusses the bioremediation of both solid and liquid waste, including regional solutions for India as well as globally relevant applications. The topics covered include pollutant reduction through composting, solutions for petroleum refinery waste, use of microorganisms in the bioremediation of industrial waste and toxicity reduction, microbial fuel cells, and microbial depolymerisation. The book also explores the biosorption of metals and the bioremediation of leachates, especially with regard to soil and groundwater remediation. It is a valuable resource for researchers, professionals, and policy makers alike. Dr. Sunita Varjani is a scientific officer at Gujarat Pollution Control Board, Gandhinagar, India. She holds an M.Sc. degree in Microbiology (2009) and Ph.D. in Biotechnology (2014). Her major areas of research are industrial and environmental microbiology/biotechnology and molecular biology. Dr. Varjani has authored 35 publications and has won several awards and honours, including the Young Scientist Award at the AFRO-ASIAN Congress on Microbes for Human and Environmental Health, New Delhi (2014) and Best Paper Awards for oral presentations at national and international conferences in 2008, 2012 and 2013. She is a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Energy and Environmental Sustainability. Prof. Edgard Gnansounou graduated with an M.S. in Civil Engineering and Ph.D. in Energy Systems at the EPFL. He is a professor of Modelling and Planning of Energy Systems at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL) where he is the director of the Bioenergy and Energy Planning Research Group. He is currently investigating the techno-economic and environmental assessment of bio-refinery schemes based on the conversion of agricultural residues. He is leading research projects in that field in several countries including Brazil, Colombia and South Africa. He has published numerous papers in leading scientific journals. He is a member of the editorial board of Bioresource Technology. Prof. G. Baskar is currently working as a professor of Biotechnology at St. Josephs College of Engineering, Chennai, India. He has published more than 100 papers in national and international journals and five book chapters. His research expertise is in biofuels, therapeutic proteins, microbial enzymes, nanomedicine and nanocatalysis. He received the International Bioprocessing Associations Young Scientist Award (2015) and the Indian Society for Technical Education (ISTE)-Sayed Sajed Ali National Award (2016). Dr. Deepak Pant is currently the dean and head of Environmental Science, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Dharamsal. He received the Silver Jubilee Research Fellowship award in 2003 from Kumaun University, Nainital (India); the UCOST Young Scientist Award 2009, INSA Fellow (2010), DST-SERC Visiting Fellow 2010), and DST-SERC Young Scientist Award (2011). Dr. Pant has 5 patents in the area of waste management using green techniques and published 10 books, 45 research papers in various national and international journals. Dr Pant recently received Visitors Award 2017 from the President of India for his innovations in the area of waste management. Dr. Zainul Akmar Zakaria is an associate professor at the Department of Bioprocess and Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia. He is currently a research fellow at the Institute of Bioproduct Development (IBD), UTM, which is a National Centre of Excellence for Plant and Microbial Bioproducts. He has published two research books, four edited books and eight book chapters. Dr. Zainul has served as a guest editor for some various journals; an evaluator for research grants from the American Chemical Society, Saudi Arabia, Australia and South Africa; as well as an external examiner for Ph.D. candidates from South Africa, India and Pakistan.